What are Light Ballasts?
Lighting ballasts, which allow current to be controlled to fit the bulb type, are a significant element of many fluorescents, HID, and some LED lamps. Without ballasts to control current flow at changing voltages, we'd never see these familiar fluorescent or HID luminaires light up - or stay illuminated for long before burning out.
Some types of luminaires require an extra part to manage the flow of power appropriately during their switch-on (peak power demand) phase and in protracted usage (lower, more tightly controlled current) - in brief, this added part is the lighting ballast.
What is the purpose of a ballast in a light bulb?
A fluorescent lamp without a ballast would take too much electricity from the wall socket and eventually burn out. The light bulb would overheat and burn out in less than a second. Their significance is another reason manufacturers took so long to abandon PCBs in the first place.
How are PCB ballasts unique?
PCB Ballasts are light bulbs that have the substance polychlorinated biphenyls. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were extensively used in fluorescent light ballasts' tiny capacitors.
FLBs incorporating PCBs that are currently in use have outlived their design life. The sudden burst of PCB-containing FLBs can endanger residents' health and is difficult and expensive to clean up. To avoid potential inhalation or cutaneous exposure, the EPA recommends removing PCB-containing FLBs from buildings as soon as practical.
During regular use, even undamaged PCB-containing FLBs may leak tiny quantities of PCBs into the air. Removal of PCB-containing FLBs, whether as part of lighting improvements or as a separate project, is an investment that may pay off eventually for kids, school personnel, the community, and the environment. To reduce the use of harmful PCBs, businesses have shifted to non-PCB ballasts. Because of its harmful effects, the EPA prohibited the production of PCBs in the United States in 1979.
What are non-PCB Ballasts?
Non-PCB ballasts are those made between 1979 and 1998 that do not include PCBs. Even ballasts labeled "non-PCB's" may hold harmful substances. To produce visible light, the CFL has a few key components, including elemental mercury vapor, a noble gas (argon, xenon, neon, or krypton), and an inner coating called a phosphor, which is the substance responsible for producing visible light out of the CFL. The interior surface of the lamp is also covered with various metallic mixes that may be reused after recycling.
We still need a good method for recycling and securing the materials contained in non-PCB ballasts. Without a method, the ballasts would just wind up in scrap or junkyards. Aside from dropping harmful parts, this allows for the reuse of any useful ballast components.
How does a non-PCB Ballast get recycled?
The process to recycle a non-PCB ballast is as simple as recycling most of the electronics you can find. The instructions are basic enough to understand and implement.
Collection of Non-PCB Light Ballasts
The light bulb recycling solutions offered by Recycle Technologies are an excellent approach to combine the current CFL trash. We have a one-of-a-kind mail-in program for non-PCB ballast recycling in which you may send the ballasts in a recycling kit. The 5-Gallon non-PCB Lamp Ballast Recycle Kit comes with a plastic pail, a cardboard box (for mailing the pail), a thick plastic liner, a zip tie to secure the liner for shipment, and a pre-paid return shipping label.
You may also easily drop it off at our facilities in Wisconsin and Minnesota instead of tossing it trash.
Light bulb portions with capacitors are removed from the cover materials. Capacitors are transported by hazardous waste transporter and delivered to an EPA-approved burning site. The incineration of hazardous capacitors removes generating responsibility. Non-hazardous materials (copper and steel) are separated and recycled.
CFL glass, metals, and other components are recycled and used to manufacture new goods. A bulb recycler extracts mercury and breaks down the glass casing and metal fixtures of CFLs using specific machinery. The mercury can be reused in new light bulbs or goods such as thermostats. The glass is recycled as concrete or tile, and the aluminum is recycled as scrap metal.
Recycling CFLs not only divert trash from landfills, but it also reduces the emission of dangerous mercury into the environment.
Recycle Technologies and its Recycling Kits
We not only offer recycling kits for the non-PCB ballasts but also other important devices and electronics too which need to be properly disposed of. Recycle Technologies ensure that each recycling procedure is carefully executed, and the residue is toxic-free.